IUD birth control has proven to be an effective, convenient, mistake-proof, and safe way to empower women to lead a better life. Family planning has always been an integral and important part of Canada’s comprehensive program for promoting sexual and reproductive rights and health. There are several types of IUDs available in the market, often making it difficult for women to make the right choice.
Types of IUD Birth Control
Overall, there are three different options in terms of IUD types. This includes Mirena, Kyleena, and Copper IUD. Before you choose the right IUD, it is important to know about the different options and evaluate your own requirements. The common factors at play include how long you want your IUD to last, the effect on your period and your hormonal sensitivity.
Copper IUD Birth Controls
Copper IUDs are plastic T-shaped devices with copper in them. They sit inside the uterus and can prove to be 99.2% effective. You can use them for 3-5-10 years depending on the type. The design features copper wire coiled around the device that creates an inflammatory reaction that kills sperm , thus preventing any chance of pregnancy. Copper prevents a fertilized eggs from attaching to the uterus.
Some of the key features of copper IUDs are as follows:
1. Only 8 in 1000 women are at risk of getting pregnant per year.
2. It is free of estrogen and lowers any risk of endometrial cancer.
3. It increases the risk of menstrual bleeding and cramping by 10% to 20%.
When considering using copper IUDs for emergency contraception, it is recommended to consult your iud clinic. These devices are effective up to 7 days after having unprotected sex.
Hormonal IUD Birth Controls
Hormonal IUDs are widely popular in women’s iud clinic for their greater degree of effectiveness. These contraceptive devices are also made of plastic but are different from Copper IUDs in that they have a hormone known as progesterone (Levonorgestrel). This device will release the hormone that works by thinning the uterine lining and thickening the cervical mucous.
Some of the key features of Levonorgestrel are as follows:
1. Examples of hormonal iud birth control include Mirena,and Kyleena. (Jaydess is no longer available in Canada).
2. They are considered 99.8% effective in birth control.
3. Only 2 in 1000 women are likely to become pregnant per year.
4. Free from estrogen and reduces bleeding and cramping.
5. Can decrease pain of endometriosis and precancerous uterine cells.
6. Based on hormonal amount, most users stop having their periods after 3-6 months with Mirena , and Kyleena users will have lighter flow or spotting.
Mirena IUDs can be used for emergency contraception. It is recommended to consult your iud clinic. When used for emergencies MIRENA can prevent pregnancy if inserted 7 days after unprotected sex. Kyleena IUDs are not suitable for emergency contraception use.
Who Can Not Use an IUD?
Now that you understand the differences between the two types of intrauterine devices, you should consult with a doctor at the iud clinic to determine your right options. Women with certain health issues may not be able to use them but there are very few health problems that prevent a women from using an IUD- these include:
1. Undiagnosed Vaginal bleeding
2. Active pelvic inflammatory disease ( PID).
3. Progesterone receptor positive breast cancer
4. Liver tumor
Before you use an iud birth control, it is important that any chance of pregnancy is ruled out. We will help exclude pregnancy by taking your history and doing a urine pregnancy test before all IUD procedures.